International Public Law – Key Terms, Part II (Jan. 4, 2021)

Have a look at these 15 terms related to International Public Law. Would you know the answers? In few cases more than one answer would be acceptable. I will be posting them next week!

1.what a witness gives at a trial; She gave extensive _______________ as her lawyer examined her to establish the material facts.

a) testimony    b) account        c) story  d) narrative

2. the legal reasons for filing/bringing of a lawsuit/action/claim against someone; On what ______________ are you thinking of bringing this Class Action?

a) basis  b) grounds       c) foundation   d) motive        

3. a draft of law presented to a legislature for enactment; The government is currently drafting a new ______ on Universal Basic Income and it is expected that it may pass the first vote.

a) legislation   b) regulation    c) bill     d) ordinance

4. a separate opinion written by one or more justices in a case; this opinion disagrees with the decision of the majority of the  court;  Justice Roberts wrote the ___________ opinion in this case, disagreeing with the majority’s decision that the Plaintiff’s  civil rights were not violated.

a) diverging     b) dissenting    c) disagreeing  d) all of the above

5. the fixed amount of time that something lasts for; This Treaty has a ___________ of 10 years at which point its terms may have to be renegotiated.

a) period       b) validity       c)  expiry date           d) term

6. to make a decision on a specific point of law; The Judge ______ that, on the specific facts of the case, the Plaintiff was obligated to mitigate his damages.

a) decided       b) concluded    c) held   d) stated 

7. when Court decides which party to the dispute is the “winner”; Given the lack of admissible evidence presented by the Plaintiff, the Court had no choice but to __________ the Defendant.

a) find for        b) rule for                 c) adjudicate for             d) a & b

8. i) to use a law or rule in order to achieve something; ii) to mention law, principle or idea in order to support an argument; The Claimant’s attorneys ______________ the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to support their argument that the Claimant was unfairly discriminated against.

a) invoked        b) cited  c) relied on      d) a & c

9. having required qualities or fulfilling the required conditions to do, be or get something; In Japan, employees are not  _______________ to more than 10 paid vacation days.

a) qualified     b) permitted    c) eligible        d) all of the above

10. period within which a prosecution or civil action can be initiated against someone; Unfortunately, you have waited too long to bring this action. Due to the operation of the _________________, you are barred from initiating proceedings at this point.

a) lapse period      b) limitation period    c) statute of limitation        d) b & c

11. the detailed written legal explanation of the court/tribunal/Board for the decision reached in any case; Upon carefully analysing the Board’s _____________ for the decision, the lawyer decided that it was appealable as there were several reviewable errors.

a) reasons       b) findings       c) rulings             d) all of the above  

12.  to “appeal” a decision of any governmental body/ to “appeal” an administrative decision; They are going to __________ the EU Council’s designation of the country as a tax heaven.

a) question      b) appeal            c) challenge     d) undermine

13. when a Court is unable to reach a decision immediately after the conclusion of a trial or hearing; The Court has decided to  _______________ its judgment until requested additional evidence is provided by the parties.

a) delay       b) postpone      c) adjourn        d) reserve

14. an amicable solution to a dispute between two parties to avoid (or to shorten) litigation; Given the costs of potential litigation, they have decided to reach a _____________ on mutually agreeable terms.

a) agreement       b) settlement      c) resolution        d) contract      

15. to consider or judge something in a particular way; The Court ___________ that President Trump’s conduct during the Russia investigation did not amount to obstruction of justice.

a) deem     b) interpret     c) construed     d) all of the above

International Public Law – Key Terms, Part II: ANSWER KEY

1 a; 2 b; 3 c; 4 b; 5 d; 6 c; 7 d; 8 d; 9 c; 10 d; 11 a; 12 c; 13 d, b & c; 14 b; 15 a



International Public Law – Key Terms, Part I (Sept. 1, 2020)

Have a look at these 15 terms related to International Public Law. Would you know the answers? In few cases more than one answer would be acceptable. I will be posting them next week!

1. signed, made official, settled or confirmed by express or implied consent to something done or agreed to by an agent or servant; Few months ago, the leaders of Canada, US & Mexico ___________ the revised NAFTA.

a) Signed b) entered into c) ratified d) subscribed

2. to choose someone for a position in the Supreme Court or on a Board of a company; He was ___________ to the position of Chief Justice despite fierce opposition from civil society activists.

a) Named b) appointed c) selected d) elected

3. when a higher court agrees with the decision of an inferior court; Ultimately the Higher Appellate Court ______ the lower court’s ruling, concluding that it had no authority to interfere with its findings.

a) upheld b) approved c) seconded d) affirmed

4. when a higher court changes the decision of an inferior court; After careful analysis of the case, the Appeals Court ____________ the decision of the Immigration and Refugee Board, deeming it patently unreasonable.

a) Rejected b) reversed c) canceled d) overturned

5. part of a Court decision that tells parties what each one of them must do; The Court ___________ the Defendant to restitute the Claimant for the injury to her reputation as a result of the defamatory comment.

a) Directed b) dictated c) ordered d) asked 

6. administration of justice according to democratic rules and principles; It is widely acknowledged that in many Middle Eastern and Asian nations, the Defendant’s ___________ rights are not respected.

a) Due process b) human c) fair trial d) procedural

7. Petition for a specific relief from Court; They filed a ____________ for injunction, fearing that the Claimant might transfer all of his assets overseas before the trial.

a) Writ b) pleading c) statement of claim d) motion

8. when Parliament or a lower Court sends a specific matter or question (usually of constitutional nature) to Supreme Court for its interpretation; The House of Commons ________ its new euthanasia Bill to the Supreme Court to verify its constitutionality.

a) Forwarded b) referred c) presented d) introduced

9. proceeding before a court or other decision-making body; generally it is short and limited to a specific issue (or set of issues); Tomorrow morning I will be attending a procedural _________ to determine this Court’s jurisdiction and competence over this matter.

a) Trial b) process c) hearing d) a & b
10. a proceeding whereby a Court examines all the evidence, hears arguments of all parties and testimonies of all witnesses in order to reach a decision in a criminal or civil matter; usually longer and more formal than a hearing; Amanda Knox stood a highly controversial __________ in Italy for a murder of her flatmate, during which, according to EU’s Court of Human Rights, many elements of due process were not respected.

a) Hearing b) procedure c) process d) trial

11. a process under which charges are brought against a high constitutional authority, public official or judge and removing him/her from office; The Senate decided to initiate _____________ hearing after it found that the President lied under oath when he stated that he had no sexual relations with his staff member.

a) Resignation b) impeachment c) prosecution d) sentencing

12. to determine the meaning of a written document, statute, or legal decision, based upon rules of legal interpretation; After several days of analysis, the International Commercial Court __________ article 7 of the Treaty as invalid.

a) Construed b) declared c) deemed d) announced

13. to obey the law; to act according to a rule, promise, or agreement; to accept a rule, promise, or agreement; US government announced that it would not ______________ the terms of the Paris Climate Accord since a number of other nations did not do so either.

a) Fulfil b) comply with c) abide by d) respect

14. to make or pass a law; The Parliament recently _______ a new law, making it an offence to walk in public without a face mask.

a) Introduced b) enacted c) approved d) drafted

15. to make someone pay (a fine or penalty); As a result of violating the new face mask law, a 300 euro fine was ___________ on her.

a) issued b) forced c) given d) imposed

International Public Law – Key Terms, Part I: ANSWER KEY

1 c; 2 a & b; 3 a & d; 4 b& d; 5 c; 6 a; 7 d; 8 b; 9 c; 10 d; 11 b; 12 a; 13 a, b & c; 14 b; 15 c